There's no direct relation between the Chrome Mobile and any Firefox version.
What you can do, is to synchronize the information from your Chrome mobile to the Chrome desktop version, and then, using a desktop application, pass the bookmarks for any other browser.
Xmarks is a FREE Bookmark Sync application that supports among others, synchronization between Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox:
Install Xmarks on each computer you use, and it seamlessly integrates with your web browser and keeps your bookmarks safely backed up and in sync.
Xmarks will sync across browsers too. Today we support Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, and Safari (Mac OS).
Additionally, you can go Premium and benefit from the Android application to ease the process:
Premium Features Overview
Xmarks on Android
The Xmarks mobile app for Android is available in the Google Play Store. You can also install via lastpass.com/xmarks.apk
It lets Xmarks Premium users access all their desktop bookmarks and open tabs on their device.
Supports Google Android 1.5+
Xmarks for Premium Customers by LastPass available from Google Play Store.
Bookmark Sync and Web Discovery
Application that will allow you to carry your Xmarks (formerly Foxmarks) data around with you.
- Sync bookmarks with Android Browser
- Add, update, and delete Bookmarks
- View Open Remote Tabs
As for the remaining browser capabilities, like saved passwords, AFAIK you can only pass them to the Google Chrome desktop version.