I use an NFC access card. Is there any way to clone my card using Galaxy Nexus / Nexus 7?
In short, no, not easily anyway.
You can get all of the information off it by using an app such as NFC TagInfo however currently stock Android phones don't support emulating NFC cards even though their hardware allows for it.
If you were willing to install a custom ROM on the device then there may be a working ROM that allows for the functionality on those devices, there is one for the Nexus S, however these ROMs usually only let the phone act as a tag so you can't put data on it directly from the phone, you'd have to write the data onto it from another source.
I also haven't seen one that allows for the setting of the UID (Unique Identifier) which is what most door readers and access control systems will work with so even if you could emulate the information on a tag you still couldn't open the door as the UID would be wrong.