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What browser runs on Android? It is Chrome or a modified version of it? Also, as a side-note, how can I open site shortcuts saved from Internet Explorer on Windows to the SD Card with the browser?

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up vote 16 down vote accepted

The default browser is, as far as I can make out, simply called 'Browser', and is based on the WebKit rendering engine. Android 2.2 and above use the V8 javascript engine. The combination of WebKit and V8 make the browser very similar to desktop Chrome.

There's a similar question here: Which is the Android's default browser?.

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Thank you, Matt. – Francisc Jan 2 '11 at 0:37
Yes, and that question has been migrated to here. – Al E. Jan 5 '11 at 19:45

The web browser utilizes WebKit for rendering. WebKit was originally forked by Apple from the KHTML rendering engine, which powers the Konqueror web browser/file manager. The WebKit engine has been open source from the beginning and is used in many browsers including Apple Safari, Google Chrome and a few other smaller browsers.

The Android Browser's Javascript engine is Google's V8 engine, which is also used in Chrome.

However, I disagree with the previous two answers above. Chromium is the open-sourced code base from which Google Chrome is derived, but I believe the Android browser has it's own codebase. I do not think the Android browser derives from Chromium, which contains code for integrating with window management, tabbing, extensions and many other features that are well-suited for a desktop experience.

Browsing on a mobile phone is a different experience and I believe that Google Android Browser application is NOT derived from the Chromium code base directly, though it does implement components that are built into Chromium as well.

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indeed, the android browser & chrome are both based on webkit (or more specically the webcore rendering engine) but were developed seperately. With android 2.2 the browser switched to the v8 javascript engine that was developed for chrome. – futtta Aug 24 '10 at 12:04

The default browser is based on Webkit (same as chrome). It also has the same V8 Javascript engine. So I would say android's default browser is a modified version of chrome.

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Every version of Android has a "android browser" that is basically a cut of the open source Chromium browser. For example, the Android Browser that lives in the AOSP v4.4 (kitkat) is based on the same code as Chrome v30.0.0. Applications that use WebViews use this Android Browser (not the user's default browser).

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It is an Android version of Chromium, which is what Google built on top of Webkit. The browser we call Chrome is built on top of Chromium with separate versions for Windows, OS X and Linux.

Some functionality was removed or slimmed down for the Android version.

It's similar to Safari and Mobile Safari in the sense that much of those apps code are Webkit, and on top of Webkit there's similar/identical code between the two, but they also have many parts of the code that are completely different.

Google was just up for Open Sourcing Chromium

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You have Opera Mini. You have Firefox 4 Beta version (the newest). You have Skyfire (great one, and fast) And Dolphin Browser.

All of them with pros and cons.

You have them in the Android Market

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Thanks Lordinario, however, I what I meant was default browser. – Francisc Jan 2 '11 at 0:36

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