On desktop Chrome, data about tabs, like their arrangement and the URLs that accessed via the back and forward buttons, are stored in the files "Current Tabs" and "Last Tabs". Since Chrome for Android also has an arrangement of tabs and since I have back and forward buttons in them, this data must also be stored by Chrome somewhere. How can I receive this data? Can it be accessed by another application like Chrome's history can be? Do I need root?

I am not talking about that sync mechanism.

  • Why the downvote? – Melab Feb 10 '16 at 18:34

Note: This is a partial answer and addresses the current tabs.

Do I need root?

Yes, because you won't be able to go beyond the directory (/data/data/com.android.chrome/app_tabs). There lies a directory named 0 which can only be accessed by the owner of that directory, which in this case is user ID assigned to Chrome app.

Each tab is represented by a file with name tab<DIGITS>, where <DIGITS> is natural numbers. E.g. tab199, tab200 and so on. All the URLs accessed in a tab, to-and-fro, are stored in its corresponding tab file.

The file tab_state contains the URLs of the resources currently displayed in all the tabs.

Note that the said info is an educated guess of mine. Those files are not in plain text but gives enough information to make a good guess.

Can it be accessed by another application like Chrome's history can be?

I don't know. If Chrome doesn't explicitly provides a mechanism then rest assured that no app can access the info about tabs directly from Chrome's data directory. They may have better luck with accessibility service however.

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