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Operating system partition can be wiped in order to reinstall a broken ROM installation for example, personal files will be left intact. What is the correct partition to wipe?
Partitions for OnePlus One in TWRP (excluding cache and USB OTG):

  • system
  • data
  • internal storage
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2 Answers 2

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Let’s start with a list of standard internal memory partitions on Android phones and tablets. These are:

/boot
/system
/recovery
/data
/cache
/misc

In addition, there are the SD card partitions.

/sdcard
/sd-ext

Note that only /sdcard is found in all Android devices and the rest are present only in selected devices.

Let’s now take a look at the purpose and contents of each of these partitions.

/boot

This is the partition that enables the phone to boot, as the name suggests. It includes the kernel and the ramdisk. Without this partition, the device will simply not be able to boot. Wiping this partition from recovery should only be done if absolutely required and once done, the device must NOT be rebooted before installing a new one, which can be done by installing a ROM that includes a /boot partition.

/system

This partition basically contains the entire operating system, other than the kernel and the ramdisk. This includes the Android user interface as well as all the system applications that come pre-installed on the device. Wiping this partition will remove Android from the device without rendering it unbootable, and you will still be able to put the phone into recovery or bootloader mode to install a new ROM.

/recovery

The recovery partition can be considered as an alternative boot partition that lets you boot the device into a recovery console for performing advanced recovery and maintenance operations on it. Example:Clockwork Mod, TWRP etc.

/data

Also called user data, the data partition contains the user’s data – this is where your contacts, messages, settings and apps that you have installed go. Wiping this partition essentially performs a factory reset on your device, restoring it to the way it was when you first booted it, or the way it was after the last official or custom ROM installation. When you perform a wipe data/factory reset from recovery, it is this partition that you are wiping.

/cache

This is the partition where Android stores frequently accessed data and app components. Wiping the cache doesn’t effect your personal data but simply gets rid of the existing data there, which gets automatically rebuilt as you continue using the device.

/misc

This partition contains miscellaneous system settings in form of on/off switches. These settings may include CID (Carrier or Region ID), USB configuration and certain hardware settings etc. This is an important partition and if it is corrupt or missing, several of the device’s features will not function normally.

/sdcard

This is not a partition on the internal memory of the device but rather the SD card. In terms of usage, this is your storage space to use as you see fit, to store your media, documents, ROMs etc. on it. Wiping it is perfectly safe as long as you backup all the data you require from it, to your computer first. Though several user-installed apps save their data and settings on the SD card and wiping this partition will make you lose all that data.

On devices with both an internal and an external SD card – devices like the Samsung Galaxy S and several tablets – the /sdcard partition is always used to refer to the internal SD card. For the external SD card – if present – an alternative partition is used, which differs from device to device. In case of Samsung Galaxy S series devices, it is /sdcard/sd while in many other devices, it is /sdcard2. Unlike /sdcard, no system or app data whatsoever is stored automatically on this external SD card and everything present on it has been added there by the user. You can safely wipe it after backing up any data from it that you need to save.

/sd-ext

This is not a standard Android partition, but has become popular in the custom ROM scene. It is basically an additional partition on your SD card that acts as the /data partition when used with certain ROMs that have special features called APP2SD+ or data2ext enabled. It is especially useful on devices with little internal memory allotted to the /data partition. Thus, users who want to install more programs than the internal memory allows can make this partition and use it with a custom ROM that supports this feature, to get additional storage for installing their apps. Wiping this partition is essentially the same as wiping the /data partition – you lose your contacts, SMS, market apps and settings.

Source

Note: Wiping /system means removing the android installation(ROM), and /data removes all apps (app+data), wiping internal storage means deletes every thing. If you want to install ROM only by wiping /system, then, the new ROM should be with same android version as that of old. Otherwise, it will crash.

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  • I'm confused by the boot partition. Are you saying that wiping boot will brick the device? Does TWRP even allow wiping the partition?
    – user598527
    Mar 29, 2017 at 11:28
  • TWRP allows wiping cache, Dalvik cache, System, Data and Internal Storage. If you backup using TWRP, it will stores /boot, /system, /data (you can see their file sizes, while checking checkboxes). This helps you to return to current ROM, if anything happens in between. I recommend a backup before any operations.
    – Rahul Gopi
    Mar 29, 2017 at 11:35
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You should go for advanced wipe and choose:
-DalviK/ART Cache
-System
-Data
-Cache
And don`t format:
-Internal Memory
-Sdcard

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