Perhaps someone can correct my understanding.
True or false: TWRP is copied into the "recovery" directory and can be executed after reboot.
True or false: Running TWRP does not require an unlocked bootloader. (If so, why not?)
True or false: The size of a program such as TWRP is limited only by the size of the partition it is being copied into, and could be quite large.
True or false: An entire OS could in theory be run as a "recovery" if it were so desired.