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I would like to know how android creates a VPN tun0 interface. After I call establish from VPNService, Builder, the ServiceManager takes up the process and create the tun0. For that it uses parcels to send to Binder, but I am kind of confused as to what it does after that. I want to understand in detail how an interface gets created.

I have tried using strace on the application to see what kind of system calls get executed, but I did not see any ioctl calls from the application pid, but saw them on the system_Server pid. I understand that system_Server is what creates the interface, but how does Binder talk to system_Server asking to create an interface. Kindly point to any source code . It would be really helpful .

  • Is this a user-focused question? Asking for source code makes it rather look like developer-centric. And development questions are off-topic here. They rather belong to our sister site at StackOverflow. – Izzy Oct 4 '19 at 6:40
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This is more like a development related question but what I know is that binder is inter-process communication (IPC) mechanism (like sockets) which processes use by opening /dev/*binder character devices. Binder IPC is used by Android's Java framework (for JNI communication) as well as native processes (e.g. for communication with vendor's binary blobs).

tun is Ethernet-like virtual network interface created by kernel (provided that it's built with tuntap support) so that a program can directly read/write IP packets from/to this interface. Creating tun needs ioctl TUNSETIFF be sent to kernel over /dev/net/tun character device (it's /dev/tun on Android). Manually you can do:

~# ip tuntap add dev tun0 mode tun

Android's VPN service uses binder to call native code for tun creation.

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