21

Apps like Link2SD and Titanium Backup are able to "freeze" other apps, that is disable them without removing them. What do these apps do to achieve this?

27

Titanium Backup etc just use in-built Package Manager (pm) to freeze an app. pm has a feature to prevent apps from running & from appearing in Launcher. To use it, Titanium Backup etc execute following command:

pm disable {package_name}

You can freeze apps by yourself without using a dedicated freezer app. Just use the above command in Terminal Emulator or ADB Shell.

For example, if you want to freeze Stock Web Browser, open Terminal Emulator & switch to root using su command. Then, execute # pm disable com.android.browser.
It'll return #Package com.android.browser new state: disabled. Done!
Restart your Launcher (some devices may require reboot) to see the app icon gone.

To defrost the app, just replace disable with enable in the command.

| improve this answer | |
  • Is this the same as the kill -STOP, kill -CONT commands described here? linuxpoison.blogspot.com/2007/11/… – NoBugs Apr 14 '13 at 20:16
  • @NoBugs Reboot your device. Some devices need this to completely disable an app. And yes, this isn't kill command. – Android Quesito Apr 15 '13 at 1:08
  • Right. Sometimes pm disable only says "killed", then the process starts up again immediately. kill -STOP pid is better. You can see which are stopped, in ps output. – NoBugs May 2 '13 at 14:30
13

I found how pm disable works:

If you run cat /system/bin/pm, it gives:

# Script to start "pm" on the device, which has a very rudimentary
# shell.
#
base=/system
export CLASSPATH=$base/framework/pm.jar
exec app_process $base/bin com.android.commands.pm.Pm "$@"

So apparently it is the same as the PackageManager we use from Java, it is calling it - just in a root context that no user app can directly access.

You CAN check if something is frozen, using

getPackageManager().getApplicationEnabledSetting( the package name ) ==
        getPackageManager().COMPONENT_ENABLED_STATE_DISABLED)
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-4

In Unix systems, files have 3 authorizations: read, write, and execute.

(For 3 categories of people: the owner of the file [usually its creator], a group of people, and everyone else, but it is out of the subject).

If you remove the execute authorization of the file, it cannot be launched (executed) anymore.

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  • Hello dralpuop. Android apps are not binaries, so adding or removing the executable permission makes no difference to their execution. – Firelord Nov 22 '19 at 6:09
  • Android is System 5 Unix, where (for example) shell scripts are not binaries, yet adding or removing the executable permission MAKES a difference. – ftpo Nov 22 '19 at 22:03
  • A shell script can be executed without executable bit set by passing it as an argument to an intepreter directly, so it makes no difference for shell scripts, or for apps. The question and question is about apps Android apps by the way, not about shell scripts. – Firelord Nov 22 '19 at 22:38
  • 1
    Try this source to know how apps are run in Android. github.com/dogriffiths/HeadFirstAndroid/wiki/… – Firelord Nov 22 '19 at 22:40

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