How can I access Windows shares from a Android device through wireless network?
I want to open PDF documents from a windows server 2008, add comments, mark them up and then save the changes back. Whats the best way to achieve this?
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Barring mounting the share as a filesystem on a rooted device, I don't believe this is possible without a third-party app. You can use ES File Explorer to connect to the remote directory. There is a detailed how-to on the XDA Developers forum, which also includes the steps for sharing the directories from various versions of windows.
Editing files on your Android device will be a little tricky. ES File Explorer is the only app which can actually manipulate files over the network. If you open the file in another app, then ESFE will export the file to the app and another file will be created. You will need to move the file back to the share, using ES File Explorer, in order to update it on the server.
I use ES File Explorer as an example. There are probably other apps with similar functionality.
As you explicitly asked for the "alternative solution" (as said, there is no native variant I know of – but mounting the remote drive to your Android device makes it available almost like local storage, so you could edit files directly), here are some hints on that. Not however, that all these solutions require root access on the device.
CifsManager should be easier to use, as its only requirement is root access – while Mount Manager notes special requirements regarding the kernel. Both support Cifs (or Samba, which is the protocol used for Windows shares). So you can use them to directly connect ("mount") your Windows shares to your Android device, where they should become visible as separate folders (again, you can configure the location). As the system then handles them as it would any local "drive", you can directly edit your PDF (or other) files – and when you save your edits, they should be directly stored back on your Windows share.