I'm actually answering my own question here, and the purpose for this is because the question hasn't been clearly stated before.
Imagine the following scenario:
- I have a friend named Joe who uses Google Hangouts on his cell phone
- I have a friend named Mary who uses a cell phone, but does not have Google Hangouts
I would like to send a group message to both of them. I know that Joe can receive SMS or Hangouts, but Mary only has the capability to send/receive SMS/MMS. How can I ensure my message is compatible for Mary?