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I am in need of a new mobile and the new kid on the block is Android 8.0 . From what little I could garner it seems there are three partitions by default which happen in an android phone. I come from unix/linux background so would be using comparison from a linux layout

/system = / (or root) where all applications/binaries will be installed . ext4

/data = (probably /home but not sure as that is unclear.) ext4

/sdcard = something akin to /home/$username or better yet /media but (fuse fileystem FAT32 or something equivalent.

I know that in android 6.0 users could copy and paste media/music etc. from their system to the mobile phone and back. This feature was taken away in 7.0 series. Is this back ?

Also can somebody share if my comparison is correct or incorrect. I am not sure exactly as to what /data is used for.

I don't see the concept of swap, does it take from / . I do know that most phones do come with RAM 8GB and en onwards .

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The root directory / is a concept that's found on Android as well. It is recreated anew during each boot, and hosts *.init.rc directives read by Android every time it boots.


The /system partition is something special: system binaries live under /system/bin and /system/xbin, so this is probably what made you compare this partition to /bin, but there's much more.

/system/app and /system/priv-app, for example, store the apps preloaded on your device by the OEM, while the /system/framework and /system/lib are core to Android, because they house .jar classes and .so libraries that are shared between apps.


The comparison between /data and /home is quite accurate but, once again, there are some differences. Here, you can find all sorts of things, from apps you installed yourself to a listing of the access points you connected to, along with their WPA keys in plaintext.

Of particular importance are: /data/app, which houses the .apk files of your installed apps; /data/data, which stores the apps' private data; /data/misc/wifi, where access point data can be found; /data/system, which is perhaps the most important of the bunch, as it houses the packages.xml file, in charge of keeping trace of every app and permission in your device.

Last but not least, we have /data/media/0, which is the real internal storage of the current user. This is the directory that gets isolated from the others via FUSE, making it akin to the /home/$username directory on Linux, as you noticed. There are a number of symlinks that point to this restricted directory, the most known being the ill-named /sdcard and /storage/emulated/0.

It's worth mentioning that the entirety of the directories I mentioned cannot be accessed without root permissions, aside from /sdcard and /storage/emulated/0.


To conclude, I'll spend a few words on the concepts of swap and data transfer.

Swap, as far as I know, is not a concept that belongs to Android; support for it, along with zRAM, can be added via the use of a customized kernel.

File transfer from a computer to an Android device has always been possible, if I remember correctly. Android uses the MTP interface to restrict the directories the computer can access, though, so you'll need the necessary backends. Moreover, only /sdcard and, optionally, an external SD card can be accessed.

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