I'm looking for the inverse of this. I want to quickly transfer a piece of text from android to my computer. One way to do is chat with myself using gtalk or fb. But I'm looking for some better way preferably without using Internet and using wifi only. It would be nice if I have a "People nearby app" that can talk with empathy client.
There's an app called Remote Web Desktop by SmartDog Studio. It enables access to your phone through your desktop's browser, over the local network (i.e. no connection to the Internet is necessary (I use it with both phone and desktop on the same WiFi AP); phone acts as HTTP(S) server on non-standard port (configurable)).
The simplest method is "shared clipboard": select the text on your phone, copy to clipboard, and it's immediately accessible from the desktop computer.
Full disclosure: I'm a (happy) user of this app, no other connection.
Catch synchronizes notes from various sources (PC or phone) automatically. Unfortunately it requires an internet connection, but that can be via wifi and not the phone's data plan. So, while not ideal, I think it's better than sending yourself FB chat messages.
If your PC and phone both support blue tooth you should be able to tether the two together. Alternatively you should be able to use a USB chord to attach your phone as a USB device and drag and drop from your phone's data to your PC; I can do this with my HTC EVO 4G.
This works perfectly fine for sharing text or link between your android and computer browser.
More info at http://www.scaan.in/
Note: I am the developer of this app. It is new to Play Store, but you can trust that this app is a final product, that has undergone thorough testing